Office of the Arizona Governor Doug Ducey
Governor's Office of Youth, Faith and Family

Homeland Security

National Laws on Human Trafficking


Trafficking Victims Protection Act

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) was established in 2000 and has been reauthorized several times to ensure the continued protection of victims, and prosecution of traffickers. In its current amended form, the TVPA defines human trafficking as “the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act or forced labor induced by force, fraud or coercion if the victim is over the age of 18; if the victim is under 18 years they are automatically a victim.” Victims of human trafficking represent every age, gender, nationality, ethnicity and socioeconomic status; victims are recruited and exploited across the United States, including Arizona.